Fracking for Natural Gas, Is It Energy Salvation or a Polluting Mirage?

Is natural gas the answer to the looming world energy crisis?

Nuclear energy had become the darling alternative of environmentalist to coal and oil based energy until Fukushima.

Turmoil in the Middle East and booming economies of China and India have pushed the price of a barrel of oil to its highest point in two and a half years.

Enter natural gas. Recent discoveries of natural gas under New York and Pennsylvania have some energy experts describing the United States as the Saudi Arabia of natural gas.
In the April 11, 2011 issue of Time Magazine , an article called the Gas Dilemma written by Bryan Walsh explores the question of whether natural gas could be the solution to the United States and perhaps the world’s energy crisis. In this article, Mr. Walsh reports that estimates of the supply of natural gas in the Marcellus fields under Pennsylvania and New York hold the energy equivalent of 86 billion barrels of oil.

But as with oil, coal and nuclear energy, there is an environmental downside. To extract this mother load of gas, a vertical well must be driven several thousand feet below the earth’s surface. When the well reaches the shale rock layer where the gas is embedded, it bends and burrows horizontally for as much as a mile. Explosions are set off in the horizontal pipe that pierce the concrete well and open up micro fractures in the shale. Millions of gallons of highly pressurized water with sand and “fracking” chemicals are pumped down the well to widening the shale fractures. Natural pressure then forces the liquids bask up the will and gas rushes from the fractures into the pipe.

Many environmentalist worry that this flow- back of water with its “fracking” chemicals could contaminate nearby groundwater. Adding their concerns is that when the fracking fluid mixes with the shale rock, it may also become contaminated with highly radioactive materials that are known to exist in the Marcellus shale rock.
Mr. Walsh contends that little if any federal regulation exists for the hydraulic fracturing process, leaving states to do the regulating.

With the enormous amount of money currently being paid to landowners for gas leases, an easy comparison can be made to the poor regulation of offshore oil drilling that led to the Deepwater Horizon disaster on April 20. 2010.

So, is natural gas really the answer to the world’s energy dilemma?

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Secotan: An Alternative Energy Novel
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Is the soon to be released Tesla all electric sedan worth its price?

The Tesla Model S is now scheduled to be available for delivery in 2012. The advertised price is $50,000. But reading the advertizing literature more closely, this price assumes a $7,500 tax credit. Thus, the price is really $57,500.This price is for the basic battery with a 160 mile range, hardly enough for any serious highway travel. To purchase the car with a 300 mile range battery, the price balloons to $70,000, and this is presumably assuming the $7,500 tax credit as well, making the price actually $77,500.

A potential purchaser should seriously consider any all electric vehicle’s practicality with only limited current public charging stations available. A hybrid with its own internal charging capability can be purchased for about half the price of the 300 mile range Tesla Model S.

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Secotan: An Alternative Energy Novel

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Should the United States risk another Deepwater Horizon oil spill?

On April 20, 2010, an oil and gas leak below Deepwater Horizon caused by human error resulted in an explosion that killed 11 people. Months later, oil was still spewing from the well dumping million s of gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. Are the risks of this type of environmental disaster worth the oil extracted?

By most scientific accounts, a large amount of oil still remains in plumes moving with the currents of the Gulf, and saturating large areas of the ocean floor. The long term effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the largest in the world’s history, remain unknown.
Is the amount of oil being extracted worth the risk of one, two or several more deepwater drilling disasters and the ensuing damage to the environmental health of the Gulf?

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Secotan: An Alternative Energy Novel

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Oil Prices Skyrocketing

How high will the price of a barrel of oil go by year end?

Oil demand in China, India and other developing countries is once again on the rise. The production of light sweet crude form Libya has ceased because of its civil war. If the war is protracted, as many expect, that country’s much sought after sweet crude may not be available in the foreseeable future. Although Saudi Arabia claims to have stepped its production of oil to fill the void left by Libya, refiners cannot easily process the Saudi lower quality crude into the high quality, low sulfur oil that Libya had been producing.

On April 1, 2011, oil futures reached a two and one half year high with light sweet crude at $107.23 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange and Brent crude reaching $117.71 on London’s ICE Futures Exchange.

Civil unrest in other Arab and North African countries, where much of the world’s oil is produced continues to escalate. Could this unrest threaten oil production in these countries as well?

How high do you think the price of a barrel of oil will go before Year’s end?

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Secotan: An Alternative Energy Novel

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Bloom Energy, Fad or Future?

bloomenerty

Bloom Energy is producing an alternative to energy from the grid. Do you think it is a fad or the future?

These companies are betting it is our future:

  • Google
  • Coca Cola
  • Cal Tech
  • Staples
  • Fed Ex
  • Sutter Home
  • Bank of America
  • Safeway
  • Walmart

Are these companies right in betting it is a viable future alternative to energy from the grid?

Check it out here http://bloomenergy.com/

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Secotan: An Alternative Energy Novel
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The crude awakening returns.

Today in the Wall Street Journal I read the article Remember crude? Commentary: Global petroleum demand earns fresh scrutiny

I read this today. China is leading the way back to the oil prices we knew in 2008 before the crash. And then there is India, Vietnam, Mexico and all of the rest of the world’s popululation who want to drive cars, have air conditioning and all the other amenities that we take for granted. As our economy recovers, so will our own demand increase to compete with the world’s demand for this diminishing recource. Is there an obvious message here?

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Secotan: An Alternative Energy Novel
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$20 per Gallon – a book everyone should read

Christopher Steiner, a writer for Forbes and an engineer by training has published a new book, $20 Per Gallon: How the Inevitable Rise in the Price of Gasoline Will Change Our Lives for the Better.

20-gallon

In the summer of 2008 we all experienced $4.00 a gallon oil and the impacts that price increase had on our lives. To many of us it was a shock that we quickly let fade away as the prices dropped. Now Chris is here to remind us that it will indeed get to those price levels again and higher and the impact that will have on our lives for the better. This price increase will obviously affect the way we drive, heat our homes, the products we buy, the way we use products, and he details many other ways our lives will be changed. As you read this your realization awakens and expands as to how far reaching the effects of oil prices are. I am reading this book myself right now and recommend it.

The LA times did an article on this book – see it here.

Read what Google Books has to say – about Chris and his book.

You may also want to check it out or purchase it on Amazon – $20 per Gallon.

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Henry Gorham Author of Secotan Copyright © 2009 Henry Gorham www.henrygorham.com